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Romualdo Pacheco


Picture of Romualdo Pacheco
CA Secretary of State
Date Party Office Votes Result
09-02-1857 Democratic SD-02 0 Win
09-04-1861 Union Democratic SD-03 0 Win
09-02-1863 Union Treasurer 64984 Win
12-10-1863 Republican Treasurer 0 Win
09-04-1867 Union Treasurer 45243 Loss
11-03-1868 Republican SD-03 0 Win
09-06-1871 Republican Lieutenant Governor 62555 Win
02-27-1875 Republican Governor 0 Win
09-07-1875 Independent Lieutenant Governor 33335 Loss
09-05-1876 Republican CD-04 19104 Win
09-03-1879 Republican CD-04 15385 Win
11-02-1880 Republican CD-04 17768 Win

Candidate Biography:

Jose Antonio Romualdo Pacheco, Jr.
Born: October 31, 1831 in Santa Barbara, Alta California Territory, First Mexican Republic [now California]
Married: Mary Catherine McIntyre (in 1863)
Family: Brother of Mariano G. Pacheco
Military Service: Mexican Army
Died: January 23, 1899 in Oakland, CA

1855-1859: Justice, Santa Barbara County Court
1871: Resigned from the State Senate on October 6.
1875: Resigned as Lieutenant Governor on February 27.
1878: Pacheco's election to Congress was successfully contested by P. D. Wigginton.
1890: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Central American States
1891-1893: U.S. Minister to Honduras and Guatemala

  • Pacheco was the youngest Senator in the 1858 Legislature at 27 years old.
  • According to the History, Art & Archives of the U.S. House of Representatives (Twitter): In 1876, Romualdo Pacheco's election to the House made him the first Hispanic American Representative in Congress.
  • Pacheco was the first Governor of the State of California to have been born in California. He was the only native-born Governor between 1849 and 1902, when George Pardee of Oakland was elected Governor.
  • Romualdo Pacheco (father of Governor Pacheco) died in 1831 while protecting the life of Governor Manuel Victoria during an assassination attempt. Victoria was the Governor of the Alta California for one year (in 1831). [Source: California Firsts by Rockwell Hunt]
  • LEGISLATION: Pacheco was the author of 50 bills, of which two were signed into law. 
  • UNACKNOWLEDGED LATINO: This elected official was excluded from the list of "Previous Latino Members of the Legislature" by the Latino Legislative Caucus [accessed 6/1/2011]. This list was later corrected by renaming it "California Latino Legislative Caucus Former Members" [as of 2/16/2014].

Source: "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-Present" (U.S. Library of Congress) []
Source: Twitter @USHouseHistory 5:25 PM · Sep 7, 2023