Born: November 18, 1810 in San Diego, Alta California Province, Viceroyalty of New Spain, Spanish Empire [now California]
Family: Brother of Pio Pico and Brother-in-law of José Antonio de la Guerra y Noriega and Jose Antonio Carrillo
Military Service: Mexican Army (Mexican-American War), California State Militia
Died: Feburary 14, 1876 in Los Angeles, CA
1847: Governor of Alta California (Mexico)
1847: Signed the Treaty of Cahuenga, which surrendered the last Mexican military forces in California ended the Mexican-American War in California. (The seven signatories were Pierson B. Reading, W. H. Russell, Louis McLane, Jr., Jose Antonio Carrillo, Agustin Olvera, John C. Fremont, and Andres Pico)
1852: U.S. Presidential Elector
LEGISLATION: A southern sympathizer, Pico introduced a bill in 1859 to divide California into two states (the lower counties becoming the Territory of Colorado). The bill passed the legislature, was signed by the Governor, and was put to a vote of southern California voters. The voters approved the split, but Congress failed to act on the matter.
- UNACKNOWLEDGED LATINO: This elected official was excluded from the list of "Previous Latino Members of the Legislature" by the Latino Legislative Caucus [accessed 6/1/2011]. This list was later corrected by renaming it "California Latino Legislative Caucus Former Members" [as of 2/16/2014].
- PLACENAME: The Andres Pico Adobe Park is located in San Fernando Valley [Los Angeles Co.]
Source: History of Political Conventions in California, 1849-1892 by Winfield J. Davis (1893)