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ELECTED BUT NEVER SWORN IN

California's shortest servicing officeholders of state and federal offices are listed below. Some died before assuming office, while others resigned, died, or lost reelection soon after assuming office. One interesting story is that of AD-54 in 1903; A. D. Duffey was a member for 37 days between when he was sworn in and when his seat was successfully contested by Harry S. Wanzer who then served for 34 days before resigning.

 

Name Office Year Days Reason
L. Dunlap State Assembly 1850 0 Died before assuming office.
James H. Carson State Assembly 1853 0 Died before assuming office.
Samuel Brannan State Senate 1853 0 Declined to serve.
James W. Mandeville Controller 1857 0 Declined to serve. (1)
Thomas Robertson State Assembly 1859 0 Died before assuming office.
James Otis State Assembly 1862 0 Declined to serve.
George W. Seaton State Senate 1865 0 Died before assuming office.
W. J. Maclay State Assembly 1879 0 Died before assuming office.
Robert Desty State Senate 1879 0 Not permitted to serve; not a citizen.
William L. Morton State Assembly 1882 0 Died before assuming office.
Charles L. Pond State Senate 1890 0 Died before assuming office.
J. H. Krimminger State Assembly 1904 0 Died before assuming office.
Charles F. Van de Water U.S. House 1920 0 Died before assuming office.
Jan Leja State Assembly 2000 0 Declined to serve. (2)

(1) This list includes people who were elected but never served in a particular office. That's why Bruce Bronzan, who had served in the Assembly for a decade before declining to be sworn in for his 6th Assembly term in 1992, is not included.
(2) Mandeville was elected Controller twice, but only served a total of 62 days in office.
(3) Leja agreed not to serve as part of plea deal.

 

SHORTEST TERMS IN OFFICE

California's shortest servicing officeholders of state and federal offices are listed below. Some died before assuming office, while others resigned, died, or lost reelection soon after assuming office. One interesting story is that of AD-54 in 1903; A. D. Duffey was a member for 37 days between when he was sworn in and when his seat was successfully contested by Harry S. Wanzer who then served for 34 days before resigning.

Name Office Year Days Reason
Jesse S. Pitzer State Assembly 1853 3 Disqualification Reversed. (3)
Sean Wallentine (5) SBOE 2011 3 Term Ended.
William B. Dickenson State Assembly 1849 4 Contested.
Nathaniel Bennett State Senate 1849 5 Resigned.
Milton S. Latham Governor 1860 5 Resigned.
John G. Downey Lt. Governor 1860 5 Resigned.
William Van Voorhies State Assembly 1849 6 Resigned.
Barnabas Collins State Assembly 1901 4 Died.
Dana P. Eicke State Assembly 1935 20 Died.
C. J. Freeman State Assembly 1851 32 Resigned.
Nathan Porter
State Senate 1878 34 Died.
Harry S. Wanzer State Assembly 1903 71 Resigned.
Adrian C. Fondse State Assembly 1981 35 Contested.
A. D. Duffey State Assembly 1903 37 Contested.
Jonathan Dudley State Senate 1883 40 Contested.
Samuel Boring State Senate 1887 42 Term ended.
P. B. Cornwall State Assembly 1850 43 Resigned.
James S. Gillan Controller 1861 44 Term ended.
Arthur H. Breed, Sr. Lt. Governor 1917 45 Session ended. (7)
Alfred Wheeler State Assembly 1850 47 Term Ended.
William Grove Deal State Assembly 1850 50 Term Ended.
J. B. McDonald State Assembly 1895 53 Contested.
John H. Harper State Senate 1852 54 Contested.
Edward F. Burton Controller 1857 55 Custodial officeholder.
Thomas M. Storke US Senate 1938 55 Term ended. (3)
Eli Wright State Senate 1905 57 Expelled.
James W. Mandeville Controller 1875 62 Died. (4)
Richard W. Heath State Assembly 1849 65 Resigned.
J. W. Van Benschoten State Assembly 1850 66 Resigned.
Charles H. Hempstead Secretary of State 1855 66 Term ended.
Frederick Woodworth State Senate 1857 66 Term ended.
Albert Hart Secretary of State 1894 67 Term ended.
Horace W. Carpentier State Assembly 1853 67 Seat declared vacant.
Charles A. Hughes State Assembly 1883 68 Died.
John W. Bones State Senate 1877 70 Term ended.
J. Clark Kelso (5) Insurance Comm. 2000 71 Low confirmed.
Randolph Clock State Senate 1931 79 Term ended.
J. F. Stephens State Assembly 1849 79 Resigned.
C. V. R. Lee State Assembly 1853 81 Resigned.
Steve Shea (5) SBOE 2009 83 Horton confirmed.
Alexander Anderson State Senate 1852 90 Resigned.
John L. Harmer Lt. Governor 1974 94 Term ended.
Charles T. Meredith Supt. of Pub. Inst. 1898 100 Term ended.
Richard Alarcon State Assembly 2007 102 Resigned
John C. Bell State Assembly 1860 104 Died.
A. A. H. Tuttle Secretary of State 1863 112 Resigned.
Oliver S. Witherby State Assembly 1849 117 Resigned.
Henry Stanley Benedict US Representative 1917 117 Term Ended.
Michael J. Burns State Senate 1949 119 Died.
Henry P. Haun US Senate 1860 123 Term Ended.
Pierre Salinger US Senate 1964 148 Resigned.
Jesse W. Carter State Senate 1939 155 Term Ended.
Harry I. Thornton State Senate 1861 164 Resigned.
George W. Wright US Representative 1851 174 Term Ended.
Edward Gilbert US Representative 1851 174 Term Ended.
John C. Fremont US Senate 1851 175 Term Ended.
Jeff Marston State Assembly 1990 177 Term ended.
Domer F. Power State Assembly 1956 180 Term Ended. (3)
Clarence J. Tauzer State Senate 1948 188 Died.
James A. Garfield US President 1881 199 Died.
Mike Gordon State Assembly 2005 202 Died.
Abrahm P. Williams US Senate 1887 212 Term Ended.
Ivan C. Sperbeck SBOE 1942 220 Term Ended.
William D. Stephens Lt. Governor 1916 236 Became Governor.
Mona F. Pasquil (5) Lt. Governor 2009 236 Maldonado confirmed.
Jesse W. Carter State Senate 1939 237 Resigned.
Washington Bartlett Governor 1887 248 Resigned.
Robert W. Waterman Lt. Governor 1887 248 Became Governor.
Phil D. Wilson SBOE 1919 252 Died.
Clair Engle State Senate 1943 253 Resigned.
Thomas M. Eaton US Representative 1939 257 Died.
Abel Maldonado Lt. Governor 2010 259 Term Ended. (6)
Laura Richardson State Assembly 2007 261 Resigned.
Frederick F. Low US Representative 1863 274 Term Ended.
Charles H. S. Williams State Senate 1859 277 Resigned.
Romualdo Pacheco Governor 1875 285 Term ended.
Spencer G. Millard Lt. Governor 1895 287 Died.
Barbara Alby SBOE 2010 297 Resigned.
Larry Stirling State Senate 1989 299 Resigned.
Walter Capps US Representative 1997 299 Died.
A. W. Way State Assembly 1949 320 Resigned.
Tony Miller (5) Secretary of State 1994 320 Term ended.
Don Anderson State Assembly 1958 331 Term ended.
Warren English US Representative 1895 334 Term ended.
Orfa Jean Shontz SBOE 1935 339 Resigned.
Joe Baca State Senate 1999 351 Resigned.
Jimmie Hicks State Assembly 1961 362 Died.
John McDougall Governor 1851-52 364 Term ended.
John J. Benoit State Senate 2009 365 Resigned.
John Campbell State Senate 2005 366 Resigned.
Bill Brophy State Assembly 1972 414 Term ended.
Norma J. Torres
State Senate 2013-14 560 Term ended.


(3) Pitzer was sworn in when Assemblyman W. C. Martin was disqualified, but the disqualification was overturned three days later.
(4) The legislative body was not in session for the duration of the term after the election, so this person was never sworn into office.
(5) This individual held this office in an acting capacity in accordance with Government Code section 1775.
(6) Maldonado served seven days past the end of his term after his successor, Gavin Newsom, delayed his inauguration as Lieutenant Governor.
(7) Breed actually served as Acting Lt. Governor on three occasions, for a total of 50 days in office.